Common Alerting Protocol Version 1.2

Public Review Draft 01

28 April 2009

Specification URIs:

This Version:

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/pr01/CAP-v1.2-PR01.html

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/pr01/CAP-v1.2-PR01.pdf

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/pr01/CAP-v1.2-PR01.doc (Authoritative)

Previous Version:

            [NA]

Latest Version:

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/CAP-v1.2.html

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/CAP-v1.2.pdf

http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/CAP-v1.2.doc (Authoritative)

 

Technical Committee:

OASIS Emergency Management TC

Chair:

Elysa Jones, Warning Sytems, Inc.

Editor:

Jacob Westfall, Individual

 

Related work:

This specification is related to:

·         OASIS Standard CAP-V1.1, October 2005 http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/15135/emergency-CAPv1.1-Corrected_DOM.pdf

·         OASIS Standard CAP-V1.1, Approved Errata October 2007 http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.1/errata/CAP-v1.1-errata.pdf

 

Declared XML Namespace:

urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2

 

Abstract:

The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) is a simple but general format for exchanging all-hazard emergency alerts and public warnings over all kinds of networks.  CAP allows a consistent warning message to be disseminated simultaneously over many different warning systems, thus increasing warning effectiveness while simplifying the warning task.  CAP also facilitates the detection of emerging patterns in local warnings of various kinds, such as might indicate an undetected hazard or hostile act.  And CAP provides a template for effective warning messages based on best practices identified in academic research and real-world experience.

Status:

This document was last revised or approved by the Emergency Management TC on the above date. The level of approval is also listed above. Check the “Latest Version” or “Latest Approved Version” location noted above for possible later revisions of this document.

Technical Committee members should send comments on this specification to the Technical Committee’s email list. Others should send comments to the Technical Committee by using the “Send A Comment” button on the Technical Committee’s web page at http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/emergency/.

For information on whether any patents have been disclosed that may be essential to implementing this specification, and any offers of patent licensing terms, please refer to the Intellectual Property Rights section of the Technical Committee web page (http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/emergency/ipr.php.

The non-normative errata page for this specification is located at http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/emergency/.

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Table of Contents

1    Introduction................................................................................................................................... 6

1.1 Purpose.................................................................................................................................... 6

1.2 History..................................................................................................................................... 6

1.3 Structure of the CAP Alert Message............................................................................................ 7

1.3.1 <alert>............................................................................................................................... 7

1.3.2 <info>................................................................................................................................ 7

1.3.3 <resource>........................................................................................................................ 7

1.3.4 <area>............................................................................................................................... 7

1.4 Applications of the CAP Alert Message....................................................................................... 7

1.5 Terminology.............................................................................................................................. 8

1.6 Normative References................................................................................................................ 8

2    Design Principles and Concepts (non-normative).............................................................................. 9

2.1 Design Philosophy..................................................................................................................... 9

2.2 Requirements for Design............................................................................................................ 9

2.3 Examples of Use Scenarios...................................................................................................... 10

2.3.1 Manual Origination............................................................................................................ 10

2.3.2 Automated Origination by Autonomous Sensor System........................................................ 10

2.3.3 Aggregation and Correlation on Real-time Map..................................................................... 10

2.3.4 Integrated Public Alerting................................................................................................... 11

2.3.5 Repudiating a False Alarm................................................................................................. 11

3    Alert Message Structure (normative).............................................................................................. 12

3.1 Document Object Model........................................................................................................... 12

3.2 Data Dictionary........................................................................................................................ 13

3.2.1 "alert" Element and Sub-elements...................................................................................... 13

3.2.2 "info" Element and Sub-elements....................................................................................... 16

3.2.3 "resource" Element and Sub-elements................................................................................ 23

3.2.4 "area" Element and Sub-elements...................................................................................... 24

3.3 Implementation Notes ......................................................................................................................27

3.3.1 WGS 84 Note................................................................................................................... 27

3.3.2 DateTime Data Type.......................................................................................................... 27

3.3.3 Character Entity References.............................................................................................. 27

3.3.4 Security Note................................................................................................................... 27

3.3.4.1 Digital Signatures....................................................................................................... 28

3.3.4.2 Encryption................................................................................................................. 28

3.4 XML Schema........................................................................................................................... 28

3.5 Use of ASN.1 to Specify and Encode the CAP Alert Message..................................................... 32

3.5.1 General............................................................................................................................ 32

3.5.2 Formal Mappings and Specification.................................................................................... 32

3.5.3 ASN.1 Schema................................................................................................................. 32

4    Conformance (normative).............................................................................................................. 37

4.1 Conformance Targets............................................................................................................... 37

4.2 Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message...................................................................................... 37

4.3 Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message Producer........................................................................ 37

4.4 Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message Consumer...................................................................... 38

Appendix A. CAP Alert Message Example.......................................................................................... 39

A.1. Homeland Security Advisory System Alert................................................................................ 39

A.2. Severe Thunderstorm Warning................................................................................................. 40

A.3. Earthquake Report (Update Message)...................................................................................... 41

A.4. AMBER Alert (Multilingual Message)....................................................................................... 42

Appendix B. Acknowledgments.......................................................................................................... 43

OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee..................................................................... 43

Appendix C. Revision History............................................................................................................. 45

 


1        Introduction

1.1      Purpose

The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) provides an open, non-proprietary digital message format for all types of alerts and notifications. It does not address any particular application or telecommunications method.  The CAP format is compatible with emerging techniques, such as Web services, as well as existing formats including the Specific Area Message Encoding (SAME) used for the United States’ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio and the Emergency Alert System (EAS), while offering enhanced capabilities that include:

·         Flexible geographic targeting using latitude/longitude shapes and other geospatial representations in three dimensions;

·         Multilingual and multi-audience messaging;

·         Phased and delayed effective times and expirations;

·         Enhanced message update and cancellation features;

·         Template support for framing complete and effective warning messages;

·         Compatible with digital encryption and signature capability; and,

·         Facility for digital images and audio.

Key benefits of CAP will include reduction of costs and operational complexity by eliminating the need for multiple custom software interfaces to the many warning sources and dissemination systems involved in all-hazard warning. The CAP message format can be converted to and from the “native” formats of all kinds of sensor and alerting technologies, forming a basis for a technology-independent national and international “warning internet.”

1.2      History

The National Science and Technology Council report on “Effective Disaster Warnings” released in November, 2000 recommended that “a standard method should be developed to collect and relay instantaneously and automatically all types of hazard warnings and reports locally, regionally and nationally for input into a wide variety of dissemination systems.”

An international working group of more than 130 emergency managers and information technology and telecommunications experts convened in 2001 and adopted the specific recommendations of the NSTC report as a point of departure for the design of a Common Alerting Protocol (CAP). Their draft went through several revisions and was tested in demonstrations and field trials in Virginia (supported by the ComCARE Alliance) and in California (in cooperation with the California Office of Emergency Services) during 2002 and 2003.

In 2002 the CAP initiative was endorsed by the national non-profit Partnership for Public Warning, which sponsored its contribution in 2003 to the OASIS standards process. In 2004, CAP version 1.0 was adopted as an OASIS Standard.  In 2005, changes based on user feedback were incorporated into CAP and version 1.1 was released.  As part of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) adoption of CAP, a CAP 1.1 Errata was released in 2007 to support ASN.1 encoding.  Version 1.2 is a minor release to resolve issues identified by the EM-TC CAP Call for Comments initiated in April 2008 and also incorporates feedback from CAP profile development efforts.

 

 

1.3      Structure of the CAP Alert Message

Each CAP Alert Message consists of an <alert> segment, which may contain one or more <info> segments, each of which may include one or more <area> and/or <resource> segments.  Under most circumstances CAP messages with a <msgType> value of “Alert” SHOULD include at least one <info> element.  (See the document object model diagram in section 3.1, below.)

1.3.1      <alert>

The <alert> segment provides basic information about the current message: its purpose, its source and its status, as well as a unique identifier for the current message and links to any other, related messages.  An <alert> segment may be used alone for message acknowledgements, cancellations or other system functions, but most <alert> segments will include at least one <info> segment.

1.3.2      <info>

The <info> segment describes an anticipated or actual event in terms of its urgency (time available to prepare), severity (intensity of impact) and certainty (confidence in the observation or prediction), as well as providing both categorical and textual descriptions of the subject event.  It may also provide instructions for appropriate response by message recipients and various other details (hazard duration, technical parameters, contact information, links to additional information sources, etc.)  Multiple <info> segments may be used to describe differing parameters (e.g., for different probability or intensity “bands”) or to provide the information in multiple languages.

1.3.3      <resource>

The <resource> segment provides an optional reference to additional information related to the <info> segment within which it appears in the form of a digital asset such as an image or audio file.

1.3.4      <area>

The <area> segment describes a geographic area to which the <info> segment in which it appears applies.  Textual and coded descriptions (such as postal codes) are supported, but the preferred representations use geospatial shapes (polygons and circles) and an altitude or altitude range, expressed in standard latitude / longitude / altitude terms in accordance with a specified geospatial datum.

1.4       Applications of the CAP Alert Message

The primary use of the CAP Alert Message is to provide a single input to activate all kinds of alerting and public warning systems.  This reduces the workload associated with using multiple warning systems while enhancing technical reliability and target-audience effectiveness.  It also helps ensure consistency in the information transmitted over multiple delivery systems, another key to warning effectiveness.

A secondary application of CAP is to normalize warnings from various sources so they can be aggregated and compared in tabular or graphic form as an aid to situational awareness and pattern detection.

Although primarily designed as an interoperability standard for use among warning systems and other emergency information systems, the CAP Alert Message can be delivered directly to alert recipients over various networks, including data broadcasts. Location-aware receiving devices could use the information in a CAP Alert Message to determine, based on their current location, whether that particular message was relevant to their users.

The CAP Alert Message can also be used by sensor systems as a format for reporting significant events to collection and analysis systems and centers.

 

1.5      Terminology

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

The words warning, alert and notification are used interchangeably throughout this document.

The term “coordinate pair” is used in this document to refer to a comma-delimited pair of decimal values describing a geospatial location in degrees, unprojected, in the form “[latitude],[longitude]”.  Latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere and longitudes in the Western Hemisphere are signed negative by means of a leading dash.

1.6      Normative References

[RFC2119]               S. Bradner, Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt, IETF RFC 2119, March 1997.

[dateTime]             N. Freed, XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition, http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/#dateTime, W3C REC-xmlschema-2, October 2004.     

[FIPS 180-2]            National Institute for Standards and Technology, Secure Hash Standard, http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips180-2/fips180-2withchangenotice.pdf, August 2002. 

[namespaces]        T. Bray, Namespaces in XML, http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/, W3C REC-xml-names-19990114, January 1999.   

[RFC2046]               N. Freed, Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media Types, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2046.txt, IETF RFC 2046, November 1996.           

[RFC2119]               S. Bradner, Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt, IETF RFC 2119, March 1997.    

[RFC3066]               H. Alvestrand, Tags for the Identification of Languages, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3066.txt, IETF RFC 3066, January 2001.      

[WGS 84]                National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense World Geodetic System 1984, http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/tr8350_2.html, NGA Technical Report TR8350.2, January 2000.       

[XML 1.0]                T. Bray, Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Third Edition), http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/, W3C REC-XML-20040204, February 2004.

[XMLSIG]               Eastlake, D., Reagle, J. and Solo, D. (editors), XML-Signature Syntax and Processing, http://www.w3.org/TR/2002/REC-xmldsig-core-20020212/, W3C Recommendation, February 2002.

[XMLENC]               Eastlake, D. and Reagle, J. (editors), XML Encryption Syntax and Processing, http://www.w3.org/TR/2002/REC-xmlenc-core-20021210/, W3C Recommendation, December 2002.

[ITU-T X.680]          ITU-T Recommendation X.680, Information technology – Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Specification of basic notation.

[ITU-T X.691]          ITU-T Recommendation X.691, Information technology – ASN.1 encoding rules: Specification of Packed Encoding Rules (PER).

[ITU-T X.693]          ITU-T Recommendation X.693, Information technology – ASN.1 encoding rules: Specification of XML Encoding Rules (XER).

[ITU-T X.694]          ITU-T Recommendation X.694, Information technology – ASN.1 encoding rules: Mapping W3C XML schema definitions into ASN.1.

 

2      Design Principles and Concepts (non-normative)

2.1       Design Philosophy

Among the principles which guided the design of the CAP Alert Message were:

2.2      Requirements for Design

Note: The following requirements were used as a basis for design and review of the CAP Alert Message format.  This list is non-normative and not intended to be exhaustive.

The Common Alerting Protocol SHOULD:

·         Provide a specification for a simple, extensible format for digital representation of warning messages and notifications;

·         Enable integration of diverse sensor and dissemination systems;

·         Be usable over multiple transmission systems, including both TCP/IP-based networks and one-way "broadcast" channels;

·         Support credible end-to-end authentication and validation of all messages;

·         Provide a unique identifier (e.g., an ID number) for each warning message and for each message originator;

·         Provide for multiple message types, such as:

         Warnings

         Acknowledgements

         Expirations and cancellations

         Updates and amendments

         Reports of results from dissemination systems

         Administrative and system messages

·         Provide for multiple message types, such as:

         Geographic targeting

         Level of urgency

         Level of certainty

         Level of threat severity

·         Provide a mechanism for referencing supplemental information (e.g., digital audio or image files, additional text);

·         Use an established open-standard data representation;

·         Be based on a program of real-world cross-platform testing and evaluation;

·         Provide a clear basis for certification and further protocol evaluation and improvement; and,

·         Provide a clear logical structure that is relevant and clearly applicable to the needs of emergency response and public safety users and warning system operators.

2.3      Examples of Use Scenarios

Note: The following examples of use scenarios were used as a basis for design and review of the CAP Alert Message format.  These scenarios are non-normative and not intended to be exhaustive or to reflect actual practices.

2.3.1       Manual Origination

The Incident Commander at an industrial fire with potential of a major explosion decides to issue a public alert with three components:  a) An evacuation of the area within half a mile of the fire; b) a shelter-in-place instruction for people in a polygon roughly describing a downwind dispersion ‘plume’ extending several miles downwind and half a mile upwind from the fire; and c) a request for all media and civilian aircraft to remain above 2500 feet above ground level when within a half mile radius of the fire.

Using a portable computer and a web page (and a pop-up drawing tool to enter the polygon) the Incident Commander issues the alert as a CAP message to a local alerting network.

2.3.2       Automated Origination by Autonomous Sensor System

A set of automatic tsunami warning sirens has been installed along a popular Northwest beach.  A wireless network of sensor devices collocated with the sirens controls their activation. When triggered, each sensor generates a CAP message containing its location and the sensed data at that location that is needed for the tsunami determination. Each siren activates when the combination of its own readings and those reported at by other devices on the network indicate an immediate tsunami threat. In addition, a network component assembles a summary CAP message describing the event and feeds it to regional and national alerting networks.

2.3.3       Aggregation and Correlation on Real-time Map

At the State Operations Center a computerized map of the state depicts, in real time, all current and recent warning activity throughout the state.  All major warning systems in the state – the Emergency Alert System, siren systems, telephone alerting and other systems – have been equipped to report the details of their activation in the form of a CAP message.  (Since many of them are now activated by way of CAP messages, this is frequently just a matter of forwarding the activation message to the state center.)

Using this visualization tool, state officials can monitor for emerging patterns of local warning activity and correlate it with other real time data (e.g., telephone central office traffic loads, 9-1-1 traffic volume, seismic data, automatic vehicular crash notifications, etc.).

 

2.3.4       Integrated Public Alerting

As part of an integrated warning system funded by local industry, all warning systems in a community can be activated simultaneously by the issuance, from an authorized authority, of a single CAP message.

Each system converts the CAP message data into the form suitable for its technology (text captioning on TV, synthesized voice on radio and telephone, activation of the appropriate signal on sirens, etc.).  Systems that can target their messages to particular geographic areas implement the targeting specified in the CAP message with as little ‘spillover’ as their technology permits.

In this way, not only is the reliability and reach of the overall warning system maximized, but citizens also get corroboration of the alert through multiple channels, which increases the chance of the warning being acted upon.

2.3.5       Repudiating a False Alarm

Inadvertently the integrated alerting network has been activated with an inaccurate warning message. This activation comes to officials' attention immediately through their own monitoring facilities (e.g., 2.3.3 above).  Having determined that the alert is, in fact, inappropriate, the officials issue a cancellation message that refers directly to the erroneous prior alert.  Alerting systems that are still in the process of delivering the alert (e.g., telephone dialing systems) stop doing so.  Broadcast systems deliver the cancellation message. Other systems (e.g., highway signs) simply reset to their normal state.

3        Alert Message Structure (normative)

3.1      Document Object Model


 

3.2      Data Dictionary

Note:  Unless explicitly constrained within this Data Dictionary or the XML Schema (Section 3.4), CAP elements MAY have null values.  Implementers MUST check for this condition wherever it might affect application performance.

 

Element 
Name

Context.   Class. Attribute. Representation

Definition and (Optionality)

Notes or Value Domain

3.2.1      "alert" Element and Sub-elements

alert

cap.

alert.
group

The container for all component parts of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1)     Surrounds CAP alert message sub-elements.

(2)     MUST include the xmlns attribute referencing the CAP URN as the namespace, e.g.:
<cap:alert xmlns:cap="urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2">
   [sub-elements]
</cap:alert>

(3)     In addition to the specified sub-elements, MAY contain one or more <info> blocks.

identifier

cap.

alert.

identifier.

identifier

The identifier of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1)     A number or string uniquely identifying this message, assigned by the sender.

(2)     MUST NOT include spaces, commas or restricted characters (< and &).

sender

cap.

alert.

sender.

identifier

The identifier of the sender of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1)     Identifies the originator of this alert. Guaranteed by assigner to be unique globally; e.g., may be based on an Internet domain name.

(2)     MUST NOT include spaces, commas or restricted characters (< and &).

sent

cap.

alert.

sent.

time

The time and date of the origination of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1) The date and time SHALL be represented in the DateTime Data Type (See Implementation Notes) format (e.g., "2002-05-24T16:49:00-07:00" for 24 May 2002 at 16:49 PDT).

(2) Alphabetic timezone designators such as “Z” MUST NOT be used.  The timezone for UTC MUST be represented as “-00:00”.

status

cap.

alert.

status.

code

The code denoting the appropriate handling of the alert message (REQUIRED)

Code Values:

“Actual” - Actionable by all targeted recipients

“Exercise” - Actionable only by designated exercise participants; exercise identifier SHOULD appear in <note>

“System” - For messages that support alert network internal functions

“Test” - Technical testing only, all recipients disregard

“Draft” – A preliminary template or draft, not actionable in its current form

msgType

cap.

alert.

msgType.

code

The code denoting the nature of the alert message (REQUIRED)

Code Values:

“Alert” - Initial information requiring attention by targeted recipients

“Update” - Updates and supercedes the earlier message(s) identified in <references>

“Cancel” - Cancels the earlier message(s) identified in <references>

“Ack” - Acknowledges receipt and acceptance of the message(s) identified in <references>

“Error” - Indicates rejection of the message(s) identified in <references>; explanation SHOULD appear in <note>

source

cap.

alert.

source.

identifier

The text identifying the source of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

The particular source of this alert; e.g., an operator or a specific device.

scope

cap.

alert.

scope.

code

The code denoting the intended distribution of the alert message (REQUIRED)

Code Values:

“Public” - For general dissemination to unrestricted audiences

“Restricted” - For dissemination only to users with a known operational requirement (see <restriction>, below)

“Private” - For dissemination only to specified addresses (see <addresses>, below)

restriction

cap.

alert.

restriction.

text

The text describing the rule for limiting distribution of the restricted alert message (CONDITIONAL)

Used when <scope> value is "Restricted".

addresses

cap.

alert.

addresses.

group

The group listing of intended recipients of the private alert message (CONDITIONAL)

(1)     Used when <scope> value is "Private".

(2)     Each recipient SHALL be identified by an identifier or an address.

(3)     Multiple space-delimited addresses MAY be included.  Addresses including whitespace MUST be enclosed in double-quotes.

code

cap.

alert.
code.

code

The code denoting the special handling of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1)     Any user-defined flag or special code used to flag the alert message for special handling.

(2)     Multiple instances MAY occur.

note

cap.

alert.

note.

text

The text describing the purpose or significance of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

The message note is primarily intended for use with <status> “Exercise” and <msgType> “Error”.

references

cap.

alert.

references.

group

The group listing identifying earlier message(s) referenced by the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1)     The extended message identifier(s) (in the form sender,identifier,sent) of an earlier CAP message or messages referenced by this one.

(2)     If multiple messages are referenced, they SHALL be separated by whitespace.

incidents

cap.

alert.

incidents.

group

The group listing naming the referent incident(s) of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1)     Used to collate multiple messages referring to different aspects of the same incident.

(2)     If multiple incident identifiers are referenced, they SHALL be separated by whitespace.  Incident names including whitespace SHALL be surrounded by double-quotes.

3.2.2      "info" Element and Sub-elements

info

cap.

alertInfo.

info.

group

The container for all component parts of the info sub-element of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1)     Multiple occurrences are permitted within a single <alert>. If targeting of multiple <info> blocks in the same language overlaps, information in later blocks may expand but may not override the corresponding values in earlier ones. Each set of <info> blocks containing the same language identifier SHALL be treated as a separate sequence.

(2)     In addition to the specified sub-elements, MAY contain one or more <resource> blocks and/or one or more <area> blocks.

language

cap.

alertInfo.

language.

code

The code denoting the language of the info sub-element of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1)     Code Values: Natural language identifier per [RFC 3066].

(2)     If not present, an implicit default value of "en-US" SHALL be assumed. 

(3)     A null value in this element SHALL be considered equivalent to “en-US.”

category

cap.  

alertInfo.

category.

code

The code denoting the category of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1)     Code Values:

“Geo” - Geophysical (inc. landslide)

“Met” - Meteorological (inc. flood)

“Safety” - General emergency and public safety

“Security” - Law enforcement, military, homeland and local/private security

“Rescue” - Rescue and recovery

“Fire” - Fire suppression and rescue

“Health” - Medical and public health

“Env” - Pollution and other environmental

“Transport” - Public and private transportation

“Infra” - Utility, telecommunication, other non-transport infrastructure

“CBRNE” – Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear or High-Yield Explosive threat or attack

“Other” - Other events

(2)     Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

event

cap. 

alertInfo.

event.

text

The text denoting the type of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

 

responseType

cap.

alertInfo.

responseType.

code

The code denoting the type of action recommended for the target audience (OPTIONAL)

(1) Code Values:

“Shelter” – Take shelter in place or per <instruction>

“Evacuate” – Relocate as instructed in the <instruction>

“Prepare” – Make preparations per the <instruction>

“Execute” – Execute a pre-planned activity identified in <instruction>

“Avoid” – Avoid the subject event as per the <instruction>

“Monitor” – Attend to information sources as described in <instruction>

“Assess” – Evaluate the information in this message.  (This value SHOULD NOT be used in public warning applications.)

“AllClear” – The subject event no longer poses a threat or concern and any follow on action is described in <instruction>

“None” – No action recommended

(2) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

urgency

cap.

alertInfo.

urgency.

code

The code denoting the urgency of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1) The <urgency>, <severity>, and <certainty> elements collectively distinguish less emphatic from more emphatic messages.

(2) Code Values:

“Immediate” - Responsive action SHOULD be taken immediately

“Expected” - Responsive action SHOULD be taken soon (within next hour)

“Future” - Responsive action SHOULD be taken in the near future

“Past” - Responsive action is no longer required

“Unknown” - Urgency not known

severity

cap.    

alertInfo.

severity.

code

The code denoting the severity of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1) The <urgency>, <severity>, and <certainty> elements collectively distinguish less emphatic from more emphatic messages.

(2) Code Values:

“Extreme” - Extraordinary threat to life or property

“Severe” - Significant threat to life or property

“Moderate” - Possible threat to life or property

“Minor” – Minimal to no known threat to life or property

“Unknown” - Severity unknown

certainty

cap.    

alertInfo.

certainty.

code

The code denoting the certainty of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1) The <urgency>, <severity>, and <certainty> elements collectively distinguish less emphatic from more emphatic messages.

(2) Code Values:

“Observed” – Determined to have occurred or to be ongoing

“Likely” - Likely (p > ~50%)

“Possible” - Possible but not likely (p <= ~50%)

“Unlikely” - Not expected to occur (p ~ 0)

“Unknown” - Certainty unknown

(3) For backward compatibility with CAP 1.0, the deprecated value of “Very Likely” SHOULD be treated as equivalent to “Likely”.

audience

cap.    

alertInfo.

audience.

text

The text describing the intended audience of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

 

eventCode 

cap.

alertInfo.

eventCode.

code

A system-specific code identifying the event type of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Any system-specific code for event typing, in the form:

<eventCode>

  <valueName>valueName</valueName>

  <value>value</value>

</eventCode>

where the content of “valueName” is a user-assigned string designating the domain of the code, and the content of “value” is a string (which may represent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., valueName ="SAME" and value="CEM").

(2) Values of “valueName” that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters without periods (e.g., SAME, FIPS, ZIP).

(3)  Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

effective

cap.

alertInfo.

effective.

time

The effective time of the information of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) The date and time SHALL be represented in the DateTime Data Type (See Implementation Notes) format (e.g., “2002-05-24T16:49:00-07:00” for 24 May 2002 at 16: 49 PDT).

(2) Alphabetic timezone designators such as “Z” MUST NOT be used.  The timezone for UTC MUST be represented as “-00:00”.

(3) If this item is not included, the effective time SHALL be assumed to be the same as in <sent>.

onset

cap.

alertInfo.

onset.

time

The expected time of the beginning of the subject event of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) The date and time SHALL be represented in the DateTime Data Type (See Implementation Notes) format (e.g., “2002-05-24T16:49:00-07:00” for 24 May 2002 at 16: 49 PDT).

(2) Alphabetic timezone designators such as “Z” MUST NOT be used.  The timezone for UTC MUST be represented as “-00:00”.

expires

cap.   

alertInfo.

expires.

time

The expiry time of the information of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) The date and time SHALL be represented in the DateTime Data Type (See Implementation Notes) format (e.g., “2002-05-24T16:49:00-07:00 for 24 May 2002 at 16:49 PDT).

(2) Alphabetic timezone designators such as “Z” MUST NOT be used.  The timezone for UTC MUST be represented as “-00:00”.

(3) If this item is not provided, each recipient is free to set its own policy as to when the message is no longer in effect.

senderName

cap.   

alertInfo.

senderName.

text

The text naming the originator of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

The human-readable name of the agency or authority issuing this alert.

headline

cap. 

alertInfo.

headline.

text

The text headline of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

A brief human-readable headline.  Note that some displays (for example, short messaging service devices) may only present this headline; it SHOULD be made as direct and actionable as possible while remaining short.  160 characters MAY be a useful target limit for headline length.

description

cap.  

alertInfo.

description.

text

The text describing the subject event of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

An extended human readable description of the hazard or event that occasioned this message.

instruction

cap.

alertInfo.

instruction.

text

The text describing the recommended action to be taken by recipients of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

An extended human readable instruction to targeted recipients.  If different instructions are intended for different recipients, they should be represented by use of multiple <info> blocks.

web

cap

alertInfo.

web.

identifier

The identifier of the hyperlink associating additional information with the alert message (OPTIONAL)

A full, absolute URI for an HTML page or other text resource with additional or reference information regarding this alert.

contact

cap.

alertInfo.

contact.

text

The text describing the contact for follow-up and confirmation of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

 

parameter

cap.

alertInfo.

parameter.

code

A system-specific additional parameter associated with the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Any system-specific datum, in the form:

<parameter>

  <valueName>valueName</valueName>

  <value>value</value>

</parameter>

 where the content of “valueName” is a user-assigned string designating the domain of the code, and the content of “value” is a string (which may represent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., valueName ="SAME" and value="CIV").

(2) Values of “valueName” that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters without periods (e.g., SAME, FIPS, ZIP).

(3) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

3.2.3      "resource" Element and Sub-elements

resource

cap

alertInfoResource.

resource.

group

The container for all component parts of the resource sub-element of the info sub-element of the alert element (OPTIONAL)

(1) Refers to an additional file with supplemental information related to this <info> element; e.g., an image or audio file.

(2) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

resourceDesc

cap.

alertInfoResource.

resourceDesc.

text

The text describing the type and content of the resource file (REQUIRED)

The human-readable text describing the type and content, such as “map” or “photo”, of the resource file.

mimeType

cap.

alertInfoResource.

mimeType.

identifier

The identifier of the MIME content type and sub-type describing the resource file (OPTIONAL)

MIME content type and sub-type as described in [RFC 2046]. (As of this document, the current IANA registered MIME types are listed at http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/)

size

cap.

alertInfoResource.

size.

integer

The integer indicating the size of the resource file (OPTIONAL)

Approximate size of the resource file in bytes.

uri

cap.

alertInfoResource.

uri.

identifier

The identifier of the hyperlink for the resource file (OPTIONAL)

A full absolute URI, typically a Uniform Resource Locator that can be used to retrieve the resource over the Internet

OR

a relative URI to name the content of a <derefUri> element if one is present in this resource block.

derefUri

cap

alertInfoResource.

derefUri.

data

The base-64 encoded data content of the resource file (CONDITIONAL)

(1) MAY be used either with or instead of the <uri> element in messages transmitted over one-way (e.g., broadcast) data links where retrieval of a resource via a URI is not feasible.

(2) Clients intended for use with one-way data links MUST support this element.

(3) This element MUST NOT be used unless the sender is certain that all direct clients are capable of processing it.

(4) If messages including this element are forwarded onto a two-way network, the forwarder MUST strip the <derefUri> element and SHOULD extract the file contents and provide a <uri> link to a retrievable version of the file.

(5) Providers of one-way data links MAY enforce additional restrictions on the use of this element, including message-size limits and restrictions regarding file types.

digest

cap.

alertInfoResource.

digest.

code

The code representing the digital digest (“hash”) computed from the resource file (OPTIONAL)

Calculated using the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-1) per [FIPS 180-2].

3.2.4      "area" Element and Sub-elements

area

cap.

alertInfoArea.

area.

group

The container for all component parts of the area sub-element of the info sub-element of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Multiple occurrences permitted, in which case the target area for the <info> block is the union of all the included <area> blocks.

(2) MAY contain one or multiple instances of <polygon>, <circle> or <geocode>.  If multiple <polygon>, <circle> or <geocode>  elements are included, the area described by this <area> block is represented by the union of all the included elements.

areaDesc

cap.

alertInfoArea.

areaDesc.

text

The text describing the affected area of the alert message (REQUIRED)

A text description of the affected area.

polygon

cap.

alertInfoArea.

polygon.

group

The paired values of points defining a polygon that delineates the affected area of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Code Values: The geographic polygon is represented by a whitespace-delimited list of [WGS 84] coordinate pairs.  (See WGS 84 Note at end of this section)

(2) A minimum of 4 coordinate pairs MUST be present and the first and last pairs of coordinates MUST be the same.

(3) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <area> block.

circle

cap.

alertInfoArea.

circle.

group

The paired values of a point and radius delineating the affected area of the alert message
(OPTIONAL)

(1) Code Values: The circular area is represented by a central point given as a [WGS 84] coordinate pair followed by a space character and a radius value in kilometers. (See WGS 84 Note at end of this section)

(2) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <area> block.

geocode

cap.

alertInfoArea.

geocode.

code

The geographic code delineating the affected area of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Any geographically-based code to describe a message target area, in the form:

<parameter>

  <valueName>valueName</valueName>

  <value>value</value>

</parameter>

where the content of “valueName” is a user-assigned string designating the domain of the code, and the content of “value” is a string (which may represent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., valueName ="SAME" and value="006113").

(2) Values of “valueName” that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters without periods (e.g., SAME, FIPS, ZIP).

(3) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <area> block.

(4) This element is primarily for compatibility with other systems. Use of this element presumes knowledge of the coding system on the part of recipients; therefore, for interoperability, it SHOULD be used in concert with an equivalent description in the more universally understood <polygon> and <circle> forms whenever possible.

altitude

cap.

alertInfoArea.

altitude.

quantity

The specific or minimum altitude of the affected area of the alert message
(OPTIONAL)

(1) If used with the <ceiling> element this value is the lower limit of a range. Otherwise, this value specifies a specific altitude.

(2) The altitude measure is in feet above mean sea level per the [WGS 84] datum.

ceiling

cap.

alertInfoArea.

ceiling.

quantity

The maximum altitude of the affected area of the alert message
(CONDITIONAL)

(1) MUST NOT be used except in combination with the <altitude> element.

(2) The ceiling measure is in feet above mean sea level per the [WGS 84] datum.

3.3      Implementation Notes

3.3.1      WGS 84 Note

Geographic locations in CAP are defined using [WGS 84] (World Geodetic System 1984), equivalent to EPSG (European Petroleum Survey Group) code 4326 (2 dimensions). CAP does not assign responsibilities for coordinate transformations from and to other Spatial Reference Systems. See section 1.5 Terminology for the format of coordinate pairs within CAP elements.

3.3.2      DateTime Data Type

All [dateTime] elements (<sent>, <effective>, <onset>, and <expires>) SHALL be specified in the form "YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssXzh:zm" where:

For example, a value of “2002-05-30T09:30:10-05:00” would indicate May 30, 2002 at 9:30:10 AM

Eastern Standard Time, which would be 2:30:10PM Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).  That same

time might be indicated by “2002-05-30T14:30:10-00:00”.

3.3.3      Character Entity References

The use of character entity references, such as HTML entities (e.g. &nbsp;) is discouraged.

3.3.4      Security Note

Because CAP is an XML-based format, existing XML security mechanisms can be used to secure and authenticate its content.  While these mechanisms are available to secure CAP Alert Messages, they should not be used indiscriminately.

Note that this section adds two elements to CAP by reference.  These are: <Signature> and <EncryptedData>.  Both elements are children of the <alert> element and are optional.  If the <EncryptedData> element exists, no other elements will be visible until after the message is decrypted.  This makes the minimal CAP message an <alert> element which encloses an <EncryptedData> element.  The maximal CAP message, if an <EncryptedData> element is present is an <alert> element enclosing a single <EncryptedData> element and one or more <Signature> elements.

3.3.4.1     Digital Signatures

The <alert> element of a CAP Alert Message MAY have an Enveloped Signature, as described by XML-Signature and Syntax Processing [XMLSIG].  Other XML signature mechanisms MUST NOT be used in CAP Alert Messages.

Processors MUST NOT reject a CAP Alert Message containing such a signature simply because they are not capable of verifying it; they MUST continue processing and MAY inform the user of their failure to validate the signature.

In other words, the presence of an element with the namespace URI [XMLSIG] and a local name of <Signature> as a child of the <alert> element must not cause a processor to fail merely because of its presence.

3.3.4.2     Encryption

The <alert> element of a CAP Alert Message MAY be encrypted, using the mechanisms described by XML Encryption Syntax and Processing [XMLENC].  Other XML encryption mechanisms MUST NOT be used in CAP Alert Messages; however, transport-layer encryption mechanisms may be used independently of this requirement.

3.4      XML Schema

 

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<schema xmlns = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"

   targetNamespace = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2"

   xmlns:cap = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2"

   xmlns:xs = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"

   elementFormDefault = "qualified"

   attributeFormDefault = "unqualified">

  <element name = "alert">

    <annotation>

      <documentation>CAP Alert Message (version 1.2)</documentation>

    </annotation>

    <complexType>

      <sequence>

        <element name = "identifier" type = "string"/>

        <element name = "sender" type = "string"/>

        <element name = "sent">

         <simpleType>

            <restriction base = "dateTime">

             <pattern value = "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d"/>

           </restriction>

          </simpleType>

        </element>

        <element name = "status">

          <simpleType>

            <restriction base = "string">

              <enumeration value = "Actual"/>

              <enumeration value = "Exercise"/>

              <enumeration value = "System"/>

              <enumeration value = "Test"/>

              <enumeration value = "Draft"/>

            </restriction>

          </simpleType>

        </element>

        <element name = "msgType">

          <simpleType>

            <restriction base = "string">

              <enumeration value = "Alert"/>

              <enumeration value = "Update"/>

              <enumeration value = "Cancel"/>

              <enumeration value = "Ack"/>

              <enumeration value = "Error"/>

            </restriction>

          </simpleType>

        </element>

        <element name = "source" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "scope">

          <simpleType>

            <restriction base = "string">

              <enumeration value = "Public"/>

              <enumeration value = "Restricted"/>

              <enumeration value = "Private"/>

            </restriction>

          </simpleType>

        </element>

        <element name = "restriction" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "addresses" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "code" type = "string" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded"/>

        <element name = "note" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "references" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "incidents" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

        <element name = "info" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

          <complexType>

            <sequence>

              <element name = "language" type = "language" default = "en-US" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "category" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <simpleType>

                  <restriction base = "string">

                    <enumeration value = "Geo"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Met"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Safety"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Security"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Rescue"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Fire"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Health"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Env"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Transport"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Infra"/>

                    <enumeration value = "CBRNE"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Other"/>

                  </restriction>

                </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "event" type = "string"/>

              <element name = "responseType" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <simpleType>

                  <restriction base = "string">

                    <enumeration value = "Shelter"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Evacuate"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Prepare"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Execute"/>

                   <enumeration value = "Avoid"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Monitor"/>

                   <enumeration value = "Assess"/>

                   <enumeration value = "AllClear"/>

                    <enumeration value = "None"/>

                  </restriction>

                </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "urgency">

                <simpleType>

                  <restriction base = "string">

                    <enumeration value = "Immediate"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Expected"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Future"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Past"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Unknown"/>

                  </restriction>

                </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "severity">

                <simpleType>

                  <restriction base = "string">

                    <enumeration value = "Extreme"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Severe"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Moderate"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Minor"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Unknown"/>

                  </restriction>

                </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "certainty">

                <simpleType>

                  <restriction base = "string">

                    <enumeration value = "Observed"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Likely"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Possible"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Unlikely"/>

                    <enumeration value = "Unknown"/>

                  </restriction>

                </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "audience" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "eventCode" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <complexType>

                  <sequence>

                    <element ref = "cap:valueName"/>

                    <element ref = "cap:value"/>

                  </sequence>

                </complexType>

              </element>

              <element name = "effective" minOccurs = "0">

              <simpleType>

                 <restriction base = "dateTime">

                   <pattern value = "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d"/>

                </restriction>

              </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "onset"  minOccurs = "0">

              <simpleType>

                 <restriction base = "dateTime">

                   <pattern value = "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d"/>

                </restriction>

              </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "expires"  minOccurs = "0">

              <simpleType>

                 <restriction base = "dateTime">

                   <pattern value = "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d"/>

                </restriction>

              </simpleType>

              </element>

              <element name = "senderName" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "headline" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "description" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "instruction" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "web" type = "anyURI" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "contact" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

              <element name = "parameter" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <complexType>

                  <sequence>

                    <element ref = "cap:valueName"/>

                    <element ref = "cap:value"/>

                  </sequence>

                </complexType>

              </element>

              <element name = "resource" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <complexType>

                  <sequence>

                    <element name = "resourceDesc" type = "string"/>

                    <element name = "mimeType" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

                    <element name = "size" type = "integer" minOccurs = "0"/>

                    <element name = "uri" type = "anyURI" minOccurs = "0"/>

                    <element name = "derefUri" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

                    <element name = "digest" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

                  </sequence>

                </complexType>

              </element>

              <element name = "area" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                <complexType>

                  <sequence>

                    <element name = "areaDesc" type = "string"/>

                    <element name = "polygon" type = "string" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded"/>

                    <element name = "circle" type = "string" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded"/>

                    <element name = "geocode" minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded">

                      <complexType>

                        <sequence>

                          <element ref = "cap:valueName"/>

                          <element ref = "cap:value"/>

                        </sequence>

                      </complexType>

                    </element>

                    <element name = "altitude" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

                    <element name = "ceiling" type = "string" minOccurs = "0"/>

                  </sequence>

                </complexType>

              </element>

            </sequence>

          </complexType>

        </element>

       <any minOccurs = "0" maxOccurs = "unbounded" namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" processContents = "lax"/>

       <any minOccurs = "0" namespace = "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmlenc#" processContents = "lax"/>

      </sequence>

    </complexType>

  </element>

  <element name = "valueName" type = "string"/>

  <element name = "value" type = "string"/>

</schema>

 

 


3.5      Use of ASN.1 to Specify and Encode the CAP Alert Message

3.5.1      General

The ASN.1 (see ITU-T Rec X.680) schema in 3.5.3 provides an alternative formulation of the XML schema defined in 3.4.  If the ASN.1 Extended XML Encoding Rules (see ITU-T Rec X.693) are applied to this ASN.1 schema, the permitted XML is identical to that supported by  the XML schema in 3.4.   If the ASN.1 Unaligned Packed Encoding Rules (see ITU-T Rec X.691) are applied to it, the resulting binary encodings are more compact than the corresponding XML encodings.

3.5.2      Formal Mappings and Specification

The normative specification of the compact binary encoding is in 3.5.3 with the application of the ASN.1 Unaligned Packed Encoding Rules (see ITU-T Rec. X.691).

The semantics of the fields in the ASN.1 specification are identical to those of the XSD specification, and the mapping of the fields from the XSD specification to the ASN.1 specification is formally defined in ITU-T Rec. X.694.

Implementations can produce and process the CAP alert XML messages using either ASN.1-based or XSD-based tools (or other ad hoc software).

Implementations can produce and process the CAP alert compact binary messages using ASN.1-based tools (or by other ad hoc software).

Any XML encoded CAP alert messages can be converted to compact binary messages by decoding with an ASN.1 tool configured for the Extended XML Encoding Rules and re-encoding the resulting abstract values with an ASN.1 tool configured for Unaligned Packed Encoding Rules.

Any compact binary CAP alert messages can be converted to XML encoded messages by decoding with an ASN.1 tool configured for Unaligned Packed Encoding Rules and re-encoding the resulting abstract values with an ASN.1 tool configured for Extended XML Encoding Rules.

3.5.3      ASN.1 Schema

CAP-1-2 {itu-t recommendation x cap(1303) version1-2(2)}

DEFINITIONS XER INSTRUCTIONS AUTOMATIC TAGS ::=

-- CAP Alert Message (version 1.2)

BEGIN

 

Alert ::= SEQUENCE {

   identifier IdentifierString,

       -- Unambiguous identification of the message

       -- from all messages from

       -- this sender, in a format defined by the sender and

       -- identified in the "sender" field below.

   sender     String,

       -- The globally unambiguous identification of the sender.

       -- This specification does not define the root of

       -- a global identification tree (there is no international

       -- agreement on such a root), so it relies

       -- on human-readable text to define globally and

       -- unambiguously the sender.

       -- An internet domain name or use of "iri:/ITU-T/..."

       -- are possible, but

       -- the choice needs to be clearly stated in human-readable form.

   sent       DateTime (CONSTRAINED BY {/* XML representation of the XSD pattern "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d" */}),

   status     AlertStatus,

   msgType    AlertMessageType,

   source     String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable identification

      -- of the source of the alert.

   scope      AlertScope,

   restriction String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable restrictions

       -- on the distribution of the alert message

   addresses   String OPTIONAL,

       -- A space separated list of addressees for private messages

       -- (see 3.2.1)

   code-list   SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF code String,

       -- A sequence codes for special handling

      -- (see 3.2.1)

       -- The format and semantics of the codes are not defined in this

       -- specification.

   note        String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable clarifying text for the alert

       -- (see 3.2.1)

   references  String OPTIONAL,

       -- Space-separated references to earlier messages

     -- (see 3.2.1)

   incidents   String OPTIONAL,

       -- Space-separated references to related incidents

     -- (see 3.2.1)

   info-list   SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF info AlertInformation  }

 

AlertStatus ::= ENUMERATED {

        actual,

        draft,

        exercise,

        system,

        test }

 

AlertMessageType ::= ENUMERATED {

        ack,

        alert,

        cancel,

        error,

        update }

 

AlertScope ::= ENUMERATED {

        private,

        public,

        restricted }

 

AlertInformation ::= SEQUENCE {

   language          Language -- DEFAULT "en-US" -- ,

       -- The language used in this value of the Info type

     -- (see 3.2.2)

   category-list     SEQUENCE (SIZE(1..MAX)) OF

                     category InformationCategory,

   event             String,

       -- Not standardised human-readable text describing the

       -- type of the event (see 3.2.2)

   responseType-list SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF

                     responseType InformationResponseType,

   urgency           HowUrgent,

   severity          HowSevere,

   certainty         HowCertain,

   audience          String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable text describing the

       -- intended audience for the message (see 3.2.2)

   eventCode-list    SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF eventCode SEQUENCE {

          valueName ValueName,

          value     Value },

   effective         DateTime (CONSTRAINED BY {/* XML representation of the XSD pattern "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d" */}) OPTIONAL,

   onset             DateTime (CONSTRAINED BY {/* XML representation of the XSD pattern "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d" */}) OPTIONAL,

   expires           DateTime (CONSTRAINED BY {/* XML representation of the XSD pattern "\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\dT\d\d:\d\d:\d\d[-,+]\d\d:\d\d" */}) OPTIONAL,

   senderName        String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable name of the authority

       -- issuing the message (see 3.2.2)

   headline          String (SIZE (1..160,...)) OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable short statement (headline)

       -- of the alert (see 3.2.2)

   description       String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable extended description of

       -- the event (see 3.2.2)

   instruction       String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable recommended action

     -- (see 3.2.2)

   web               AnyURI OPTIONAL,

   contact           String OPTIONAL,

       -- Not standardised human-readable contact details for

       -- follow-up (see 3.2.2)

   parameter-list    SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF parameter SEQUENCE {

       -- System-specific parameters (see 3.2.2)

       valueName ValueName,

       value     Value },

   resource-list     SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF resource ResourceFile,

   area-list         SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF Area }

 

InformationCategory ::=  ENUMERATED {

        cBRNE,

        env,

        fire,

        geo,

        health,

        infra,

        met,

        other,

        rescue,

        safety,

        security,

        transport }

 

InformationResponseType ::= ENUMERATED {

        allClear(7),

        assess(0),

        avoid(8),

        evacuate(1),

        execute(2),

        monitor(3),

        none(4),

        prepare(5),

        shelter(6) }

 

HowUrgent ::= ENUMERATED {

        expected,

        future,

        immediate,

        past,

        unknown }

 

HowSevere ::= ENUMERATED {

        extreme,

        minor,

        moderate,

        severe,

        unknown }

 

HowCertain ::= ENUMERATED {

        likely,

        observed,

        possible,

        unknown,

        unlikely }

 

ResourceFile ::= SEQUENCE {

       -- Information about an associated resource file

     -- (see 3.2.3)

   resourceDesc String,

       -- Not standardised human-readable description of the type

       -- and content of

       -- an associated resource file (for example a map or

       -- photograph)(see 3.2.3)

   mimeType     String OPTIONAL,

   size         INTEGER OPTIONAL, -- In bytes

   uri          AnyURI OPTIONAL,

   derefUri     String OPTIONAL,

       -- An alternative to the URI giving the Base64-encoded

       -- content of the resource file (see 3.2.3)

   digest       String OPTIONAL

       -- SHA-1 hash of the resource file for error detection

      -- (see 3.2.3) -- }

 

Area ::= SEQUENCE {

       -- Identification of an affected area

   areaDesc     String,

       -- Not standardised human-readable description of the area

   polygon-list SEQUENCE OF polygon String,

       -- Each element is a space-separated list of coordinate pairs

       -- The complete list starts and ends with the same point and

       -- defines the polygon that defines the area

     -- (see 3.2.4).

   circle-list  SEQUENCE OF circle String,

       -- A space-separated list of coordinates for a point and a radius

   geocode-list SEQUENCE SIZE((0..MAX)) OF geocode SEQUENCE {

       -- A geographic code designating the alert target area

     -- (see 3.2.4)

             valueName ValueName,

             value     Value },

   altitude     String OPTIONAL,

       -- Specific or minimum altitude of the affected area

   ceiling      String OPTIONAL

       -- Maximum altitude of the affected area -- }

 

ValueName ::=  String  -- A not standardised name for

       -- an information event code, a parameter or a geocode

 

Value ::=  String  -- The value of the information event code,

                   -- parameter or geocode

 

String ::=  UTF8String (FROM (

           {0,0,0,9} -- TAB

         | {0,0,0,10} -- CR

         | {0,0,0,13} -- LF

         | {0,0,0,32}..{0,0,215,255} -- Space to the start of the S-zone

         | {0,0,224,0}..{0,0,255,253} -- Rest of BMP after S-zone

         | {0,1,0,0}..{0,16,255,253}  -- Other planes -- ) )

 

StringChar ::= String (SIZE(1))

 

SpaceAndComma ::= UTF8String (FROM (

             {0,0,0,32} -- SPACE

          | {0,0,0,44} -- COMMA -- ) )

 

IdentifierString ::= String (FROM (StringChar EXCEPT SpaceAndComma))

 

Language ::= VisibleString(FROM ("a".."z" | "A".."Z" | "-" | "0".."9"))

               (PATTERN "[a-zA-Z]#(1,8)(-[a-zA-Z0-9]#(1,8))*")

      -- The semantics of Language is specified in IETF RFC 3066

 

DateTime ::= TIME (SETTINGS "Basic=Date-Time Date=YMD

          Year=Basic Time=HMS Local-or-UTC=LD")

       -- This is the ISO 8601 format using local time and a

       -- time difference

 

StringWithNoCRLFHT ::= UTF8String (FROM (

         {0,0,0,32}..{0,0,215,255}

         |{0,0,224,0}..{0,0,255,253}

         |{0,1,0,0}..{0,16,255,255}))

 

AnyURI ::= StringWithNoCRLFHT (CONSTRAINED BY {

          /* Shall be a valid URI as defined in IETF RFC 2396 */})

 

ENCODING-CONTROL XER

    GLOBAL-DEFAULTS MODIFIED-ENCODINGS

    GLOBAL-DEFAULTS CONTROL-NAMESPACE

        "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" PREFIX "xsi"

    NAMESPACE ALL, ALL IN ALL AS "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2"

              PREFIX "cap"

    NAME Alert, Area AS UNCAPITALIZED

    UNTAGGED SEQUENCE OF

    DEFAULT-FOR-EMPTY AlertInformation.language AS "en-US"

    TEXT AlertStatus:ALL,

         AlertMessageType:ALL,

         AlertScope:ALL,

         InformationCategory:ALL,

         InformationResponseType:ALL,

         HowUrgent:ALL,

         HowSevere:ALL,

         HowCertain:ALL AS CAPITALIZED

    WHITESPACE Language, AnyURI COLLAPSE

END

 

4        Conformance

An implementation conforms to this specification if it satisfies all of the MUST or REQUIRED level requirements defined within this specification.

This specification references a number of other specifications. In order to comply with this specification, an implementation MUST implement the portions of referenced specifications necessary to comply with the required provisions of this specification. Additionally, the implementation of the portions of the referenced specifications that are specifically cited in this specification MUST comply with the rules for those portions as established in the referenced specification. 

 

4.1      Conformance Targets

The following conformance targets are defined in order to support the specification of conformance to this standard:

a)       CAP V1.2 Message

b)       CAP V1.2 Message Producer

c)       CAP V1.2 Message Consumer

 

4.2      Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message

An XML 1.0 document is a conforming CAP V1.2 Message if and only if:

a)       it is valid according to the schema located at http://docs.oasis-open.org/emergency/cap/v1.2/CAP-v1.2.xsd and

b)       the content of its elements and the values of its attributes meet all the additional mandatory requirements specified in Section 3.

 

4.3      Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message Producer

A software entity is a conforming CAP V1.2 Message Producer if and only if:

a)   it is constructed in such a way that any XML document produced by it and present in a place in which a conforming CAP V1.2 Message is expected (based on contextual information) is indeed a conforming CAP V1.2 Message according to this standard.

The condition in (a) above can be satisfied in many different ways. Here are some examples of possible scenarios:

         a standard protocol (for example, EDXL-DE) transfers messages carrying CAP V1.2 Messages; a client has sent a request for a CAP V1.2 Message to a server which claims to be a conforming CAP V1.2 Message Producer, and has received a response which is therefore expected to carry a conforming CAP V1.2 Message;

         a local test environment has been set up, and the application under test (which claims to be a conforming CAP V1.2 Message Producer) has the ability to produce a CAP V1.2 Message and write it to a file in a directory in response to a request coming from the testing tool; the testing tool has sent many requests to the application under test and is now verifying all the files present in the directory, which is expected to contain only conforming CAP V1.2 Messages;

 

4.4      Conformance as a CAP V1.2 Message Consumer

A software entity is a conforming CAP V1.2 Message Consumer if and only if:

a)   it is constructed in such a way that it is able to successfully validate and ingest a conforming CAP V1.2 Message according to this standard.

The condition in (a) above can be satisfied in many different ways. Here is one example of a possible scenario:

         a client receives and processes a CAP V1.2 Message from a server which claims to be a conforming CAP V1.2 Message Producer

 

 

Appendix A.   CAP Alert Message Example

A.1.  Homeland Security Advisory System Alert

The following is a speculative example in the form of a CAP XML message.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<alert xmlns = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2">

  <identifier>43b080713727</identifier> 

  <sender>hsas@dhs.gov</sender> 

  <sent>2003-04-02T14:39:01-05:00</sent>

  <status>Actual</status> 

  <msgType>Alert</msgType>

  <scope>Public</scope> 

  <info>

    <category>Security</category>   

    <event>Homeland Security Advisory System Update</event>   

    <urgency>Immediate</urgency>   

    <severity>Severe</severity>   

    <certainty>Likely</certainty>   

    <senderName>U.S. Government, Department of Homeland Security</senderName>

    <headline>Homeland Security Sets Code ORANGE</headline>

    <description>The Department of Homeland Security has elevated the Homeland Security Advisory System threat level to ORANGE / High in response to intelligence which may indicate a heightened threat of terrorism.</description>

    <instruction> A High Condition is declared when there is a high risk of terrorist attacks. In addition to the Protective Measures taken in the previous Threat Conditions, Federal departments and agencies should consider agency-specific Protective Measures in accordance with their existing plans.</instruction> 

    <web>http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/display?theme=29</web>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>HSAS</valueName>

      <value>ORANGE</value>

    </parameter>   

    <resource>

      <resourceDesc>Image file (GIF)</resourceDesc>   

      <uri>http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/getAdvisoryImage</uri>

    </resource>   

    <area>       

      <areaDesc>U.S. nationwide and interests worldwide</areaDesc>   

    </area>

  </info>

</alert>


A.2.  Severe Thunderstorm Warning

The following is a speculative example in the form of a CAP XML message.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<alert xmlns = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2">

  <identifier>KSTO1055887203</identifier> 

  <sender>KSTO@NWS.NOAA.GOV</sender> 

  <sent>2003-06-17T14:57:00-07:00</sent>

  <status>Actual</status> 

  <msgType>Alert</msgType>

  <scope>Public</scope> 

  <info>

    <category>Met</category>   

    <event>SEVERE THUNDERSTORM</event>

    <responseType>Shelter</responseType> 

    <urgency>Immediate</urgency>   

    <severity>Severe</severity>   

    <certainty>Observed</certainty>

    <eventCode>

      <valueName>SAME</valueName>

      <value>SVR</value>

    </eventCode>

    <expires>2003-06-17T16:00:00-07:00</expires>  

    <senderName>NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA</senderName>

    <headline>SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING</headline>

    <description> AT 254 PM PDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR INDICATED A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM OVER SOUTH CENTRAL ALPINE COUNTY...OR ABOUT 18 MILES SOUTHEAST OF KIRKWOOD...MOVING SOUTHWEST AT 5 MPH. HAIL...INTENSE RAIN AND STRONG DAMAGING WINDS ARE LIKELY WITH THIS STORM.</description>

    <instruction>TAKE COVER IN A SUBSTANTIAL SHELTER UNTIL THE STORM PASSES.</instruction>

    <contact>BARUFFALDI/JUSKIE</contact>

    <area>       

      <areaDesc>EXTREME NORTH CENTRAL TUOLUMNE COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA, EXTREME NORTHEASTERN CALAVERAS COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA, SOUTHWESTERN ALPINE COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA</areaDesc>

      <polygon>38.47,-120.14 38.34,-119.95 38.52,-119.74 38.62,-119.89 38.47,-120.14</polygon>

      <geocode>

        <valueName>SAME</valueName>

        <value>006109</value>

      </geocode>

      <geocode>

        <valueName>SAME</valueName>

        <value>006009</value>

      </geocode>

      <geocode>

        <valueName>SAME</valueName>

        <value>006003</value>

      </geocode>

    </area>

  </info>

</alert>


A.3. Earthquake Report (Update Message)

The following is a speculative example in the form of a CAP XML message.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<alert xmlns = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2">

  <identifier>TRI13970876.2</identifier> 

  <sender>trinet@caltech.edu</sender> 

  <sent>2003-06-11T20:56:00-07:00</sent>

  <status>Actual</status> 

  <msgType>Update</msgType>

  <scope>Public</scope>

  <references>trinet@caltech.edu,TRI13970876.1,2003-06-11T20:30:00-07:00</references>

  <info>

    <category>Geo</category>

    <event>Earthquake</event>   

    <urgency>Past</urgency>   

    <severity>Minor</severity>   

    <certainty>Observed</certainty>

    <senderName>Southern California Seismic Network (TriNet) operated by Caltech and USGS</senderName>

    <headline>EQ 3.4 Imperial County CA</headline>

    <description>A minor earthquake measuring 3.4 on the Richter scale occurred near Brawley, California at 8:53 PM Pacific Daylight Time on Wednesday, June 11, 2003. (This event has now been reviewed by a seismologist)</description>

    <web>http://www.trinet.org/scsn/scsn.html</web>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>EventID</valueName>

      <value>13970876</value>

    </parameter>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>Version</valueName>

      <value>1</value>

    </parameter>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>Magnitude</valueName>

      <value>3.4 Ml</value>

    </parameter>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>Depth</valueName>

      <value>11.8 mi.</value>

    </parameter>

    <parameter>

      <valueName>Quality</valueName>

      <value>Excellent</value>

    </parameter>

    <area>       

      <areaDesc>1 mi. WSW of Brawley, CA; 11 mi. N of El Centro, CA; 30 mi. E of OCOTILLO (quarry); 1 mi. N of the Imperial Fault</areaDesc>

      <circle>32.9525,-115.5527 0</circle>  

    </area>

  </info>

</alert>


A.4. AMBER Alert (Multilingual Message)

The following is a speculative example in the form of a CAP XML message.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<alert xmlns = "urn:oasis:names:tc:emergency:cap:1.2">

   <identifier>KAR0-0306112239-SW</identifier> 

   <sender>KARO@CLETS.DOJ.CA.GOV</sender>

   <sent>2003-06-11T22:39:00-07:00</sent>

   <status>Actual</status> 

   <msgType>Alert</msgType>

   <source>SW</source>

   <scope>Public</scope>

   <info>

     <language>en-US</language>

     <category>Rescue</category>   

     <event>Child Abduction</event>   

     <urgency>Immediate</urgency>   

     <severity>Severe</severity>   

     <certainty>Likely</certainty>

     <eventCode>

        <valueName>SAME</valueName>

        <value>CAE</value>

     </eventCode>

     <senderName>Los Angeles Police Dept - LAPD</senderName>

     <headline>Amber Alert in Los Angeles County</headline>

     <description>DATE/TIME: 06/11/03, 1915 HRS.  VICTIM(S): KHAYRI DOE JR. M/B BLK/BRO 3'0", 40 LBS. LIGHT COMPLEXION.  DOB 06/24/01. WEARING RED SHORTS, WHITE T-SHIRT, W/BLUE COLLAR.  LOCATION: 5721 DOE ST., LOS ANGELES, CA.  SUSPECT(S): KHAYRI DOE SR. DOB 04/18/71 M/B, BLK HAIR, BRO EYE. VEHICLE: 81' BUICK 2-DR, BLUE (4XXX000).</description>

     <contact>DET. SMITH, 77TH DIV, LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPT-LAPD AT 213 485-2389</contact>

     <area>

        <areaDesc>Los Angeles County</areaDesc>

        <geocode>

           <valueName>SAME</valueName>

           <value>006037</value>

        </geocode>

     </area>

   </info>

   <info>

     <language>es-US</language>

     <category>Rescue</category>   

     <event>Abducción de Niño</event>

     <urgency>Immediate</urgency>   

     <severity>Severe</severity>   

     <certainty>Likely</certainty>

     <eventCode>

        <valueName>SAME</valueName>

        <value>CAE</value>

     </eventCode>

     <senderName>Departamento de Policía de Los Ángeles - LAPD</senderName>

     <headline>Alerta Amber en el condado de Los Ángeles</headline>

     <description>DATE/TIME: 06/11/03, 1915 HORAS. VÍCTIMAS: KHAYRI DOE JR. M/B BLK/BRO 3'0", 40 LIBRAS. TEZ LIGERA. DOB 06/24/01. CORTOCIRCUITOS ROJOS QUE USAN, CAMISETA BLANCA, COLLAR DE W/BLUE. LOCALIZACIÓN: 5721 DOE ST., LOS ÁNGELES. SOSPECHOSO: KHAYRI DOE ST. DOB 04/18/71 M/B, PELO DEL NEGRO, OJO DE BRO. VEHÍCULO: 81' BUICK 2-DR, AZUL (4XXX000)</description>

     <contact>DET. SMITH, 77TH DIV, LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPT-LAPD AT 213 485-2389</contact>

     <area>

        <areaDesc>condado de Los Ángeles</areaDesc>

        <geocode>

           <valueName>SAME</valueName>

           <value>006037</value>

        </geocode>

     </area>

   </info>

</alert>

Appendix B.   Acknowledgments

OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee

Doug Allport, Canadian Association for Public Alerting and Notification (CAPAN)

Patti Aymond, IEM

Himadri Banerjee, Previstar Inc.

Frank Bell, Individual

Art Botterell, Contra Costa County Community Warning System

John Bradley, Individual

Rex Brooks, Individual

Robert Bunge, NOAA's National Weather Service

Toby Considine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

William Cox, Cox Software Architects LLC

Olivier Dubuisson, France Telecom

Sukumar Dwarkanath, SRA International

David Ellis, Sandia National Laboratories

Thomas Ferrentino, Individual

Jack Fox, US Department of Homeland Security

Patrick Gannon, Warning Systems, Inc.

Timothy Gilmore, US Department of Homeland Security

James Goodson, US Department of Homeland Security

Tim Grapes, Evolution Technologies Inc.

Gary Ham, Individual

Harry Haury, NuParadigm Government Systems, Inc.

Werner Joerg, IEM

Elysa Jones, Warning Systems, Inc.

Jeff Jortner, Sandia National Laboratories

William Kalin, US Department of Homeland Security

Ram Kumar, Individual

Jeff Kyser, Warning Systems, Inc.

Ron Lake, Galdos Systems Inc.

David Lamendsdorf, Emergency Interoperability Consortium

Mike McDougall, Individual

Donald McGarry, Mitre Corporation

Tom Merkle, Lockheed Martin

Enoch Moses, ManTech Enterprise Integration Center (e-IC)

Brian Nelson, Sandia National Laboratories

Camille Osterloh, US Department of Homeland Security

John Pitale, Edmond Scientific Company

Mark Pleimann, Mitre Corporation

Donald Ponikvar, US Department of Homeland Security

Jacqueline Postell, US Department of Homeland Security

Carl Reed, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC)

Dean Reese, ESI Acquisition, Inc.

Kirby Rice, Eye Street Solutions

Howard Ryan, Desktop Alert Inc.

Tracy Ryan, Emergency Interoperability Consortium

Josh Shows, ESI Acquisition, Inc.

Aviv Siegel, AtHoc, Inc.

Andrew Sonner, Evolution Technologies Inc.

Christopher Springer, US Department of Homeland Security

Steve Streetman, US Department of Homeland Security

Lee Tincher, Evolution Technologies Inc.

James Trawick, viaRadio Corporation

Alessandro Triglia, OSS Nokalva

Richard Vandame, US Department of Homeland Security

Matt Walton, Individual

Jeff Waters, US Department of Defense (DoD)

David Webber, Individual

Jacob Westfall, Individual

David Yarbrough, Northrop Grumman

 

 

Appendix C.   Revision History

Rev

Date

By Whom

What

1.2

2009-04-28

Jacob Westfall

Technical Committee approved the v. 1.2 draft with the following additional changes:

·      DateTime Data Type moved to Implementation Notes

·      Changes to <status> and <note> descriptions

·      Wording change to <severity> “Minor”

·      Schema changed to allow only one <EncryptedData> element and changed Security Note section to allow multiple <Signature> elements

Various editorial corrections and clarifications

1.2

2009-04-14

Jacob Westfall

Messaging Subcommittee approved v. 1.2 draft for submission to full Technical Committee:

·          Multiple XML signature/encryption elements

·          Editorial changes to History and Character Entity References sections

·          DateTime Data Type examples

·          Fixed DOM display

1.2

2009-03-31

Jacob Westfall

Applied changes per recommendations identified by CAP comments process and profile development:

·          Includes CAP 1.1 Errata and ASN.1 Schema

·          DateTime Data Type to further define the acceptable date and time values

·          New <responseType> values of Avoid and AllClear

·          Clarification on acceptable <polygon> values and the use of character entity references

·          Schemas were updated to reflect changes and to validate when XML signature/encryption elements are present

·          Conformance section added

·          Updated CAP Alert Message Examples

Various editorial corrections and clarifications

1.1 Errata

2007-10-02

 

CAP 1.1 Errata approved (see CAP 1.1 Errata document for prior change history)

1.1

2005-09-30

 

CAP 1.1 adopted as OASIS Standard (see CAP 1.1 specification document for prior change history)

1.1

2005-07-27

Art Botterell

Edits to conform object model, data dictionary and schema:

·          Reordered items in object diagram and data dictionary to match sequence required by schema.

·          Edited schema to make <scope> mandatory and to permit multiple instances of <responseType> and <eventCode>, in accordance with the data dictionary.

1.1

2005-07-23

Art Botterell

Applied changes per recommendations of Messaging Subcommittee based on initial public comment period:

·          Modified XML syntax of <eventCode> , <parameter> and <geocode>

·          Added “Draft” value for <status>

·          Changed CAP namespace to URN form

·          Tightened usage of dateTime formats in <sent>, <effective>, <onset> and <expiration>

·          Corrected schema to correct value of “CBRNE” in <event>

·          Conformed examples in Appendix A to new namespace.

1.1

2005-04-28

 

Elysa Jones

 

Technical Committee approved the v. 1.1 draft with the following additional changes:

·      Normative language added to specify uniqueness of <identifier>

·      Change [dateTime] format for <sent>, <effective>, <onset> and <expires> elements

·      Change <language> element RFC from 1166 to 3066 and added null

·      Changed the <mineType> element RFC 1521 to 2046

·      Added <derefURI> element

·          Security Note updated and added Digital Signature and Encryption note paragraphs

1.1

2005-01-04

Art Botterell

Messaging Subcommittee approved v. 1.1 draft for submission to full Technical Committee:

·          Added <responseType> element

·          Made <category> element mandatory

·          Amended enumerated values for the <certainty> element

·          Deleted the <password> element

·          Various editorial corrections and clarifications

1.0

2004-04-01

Art Botterell

CAP 1.0 adopted as OASIS Standard (see CAP 1.0 specification document for prior change history.)