The DITA learning and training specialization applies DITA principles
and best practices for using topic-based and modular content to plan, develop,
and deliver learning and training content.
A learning objects approach to learning content
reusable learning objects, or RLO, approach to learning content derives from
the pioneering work of learning content designers at several companies, including
Autodesk®, Oracle®, and Cisco®. Author Peder Jacobsen defines an RLO as "a
discrete reusable collection of content used to present and support a single
learning objective." With this approach, it is possible to gather a pool of
information objects and make them available for reuse and repurposing in a
variety of learning delivery contexts.
There is thus a strong affinity
between the DITA topic-based, modular approach to content in general, and
the RLO approach to learning content in particular.
Learning objects and DITA topic types to support them
assumptions about learning content and how to support authoring and delivering
it with DITA include the following:
- The DITA learning specialization builds on a reusable learning objects
(RLO) approach to learning content.
- In this approach, a learning object comprises a "discrete reusable collection
of content used to present and support a single learning objective," and consists
of two primary information components:
- instructional objects, which provide the structured framework for
a learning experience - the overview, the summary, and the assessments
- information objects, which provide the source learning content
- the topic-based learning content and other supplemental content that supports
the learning goals identified in the instructional objects
- DITA topic types provide the meaning and intention to content contained
in instructional and information objects, and as such, comprise the basic
building blocks for learning objects.
- DITA domains provide the mechanism for defining interactions,
which can be used across the learning topic types and maps.
- DITA domains also provide the mechanism for defining learning metadata,
which can be assigned either in topics or in maps.
- DITA maps arrange the DITA learning topics into a hierarchy of
learning objects and organize such content for delivery as lessons, modules,
- DITA specialization provides the mechanism for creating learning-based
topic types, domains, and maps needed for instructional and information object
Opportunity: Learning Objects and specialized DITA topic
This figure shows the composition of learning objects as a) instructional
objects, b) information objects, and c) the specialized DITA topic types to
Learning content design, authoring, and delivery through
This picture shows the end-to-end process for designing, authoring, and
delivering specialized learning content with DITA.
Fitting it all together with DITA learning content: maps, metadata, and topics
This figure shows the specialized topics, map domain, interactions domain, and metadata
domain used by the learning and training specialization and how they relate to the
DITA core types.